Muawiya had declared before the Battle of Basra his refusal to join the electors .. Ammar asked for a drink before he entered the decisive battle of Siffin during . The Battle of Siffin was fought in during the First Fitna (Islamic Civil War) and led to the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate. The Battle of Șiffīn (Arabic: معركة صفين) was a battle between Imam Ali (a) and Mu’awiya b. Abi Sufyan occurred in Safar of 37/July in an.
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He, therefore, told them that he did not promise them anything. Certainly you are the most evil of all persons and are those whom Satan has put on his lines and thrown out into his wayless land.
Imam ‘Ali a Malik al-Ashtar. May God reform through you what people of other areas had corrupted and by this you would be paying only what is due from you. The thing began in this way: The followers of the Imam also tried to persuade their relatives in Syria to join the camp of the truth.
Think about your women and daughters. The point of contention between us was the question of the murder of Uthman. According to “Asadul Ghaba”, Battlle had, therefore, taken care to personally explain to the arbitrators, “You are arbiters on condition that you decide according to the Book of God, and if you are not so inclined you should not deem yourselves to be arbiters.
The Battle of Siffin | The Brother of the Prophet Muhammad: Imam ‘Ali |
In one of his letters to Mu’awiyya, Imam Ali a wrote:. You may do that if sicfin want to. His terse comment was: He drank the milk, mounted his horse, and then plunged into the ranks of the Syrians. Encyclopedia of Islam says “According to the non Muslim view the Syrians were winning”  Either way, neither the Syrians nor the Iraqis wanted to fight and the battle was stopped.
The Holy Qur’an chapter 49 verse The Imam also said to Muawiya in this message the following:. The reason of the breaking out of the war was based on a difference of ijtihad.
HudayjDahhak b. Sulaymthe ruler of Isfahanand called him to join his army. The Holy Qur’an declares the following: Take it easy “Abu Yaqthan” Ammar’s code name. Although Ali won the battle, the constant bxttle had begun to affect his standing.
If the difference of ijtihad had been about science, it would have been on paper.
The Battle of Siffin
He added to this his hostility to the central authority and that he was at war with that authority using revenge for the blood of Uthman as an excuse. The Imam was determined to try to subdue Muawiya and his followers and bring them back to the bulk of the nation and thwart their secessional movement.
The traitors soon became insolent; they asked Ali to recall Malik from the battlefield, and to declare a cease-fire immediately.
But their voices were drowned by the voice of the majority who wanted to end the battle. But already he had killed so many of them — the rank-and-file Syrians — that he began to lose interest in them. Chapter 4; verse 59 The arbitrators, it appears, forgot both the commandment of God quoted in the foregoing verse, and their own commitment. Abu Musa al-Ashari also decided to act accordingly.
Though they had attacked with reckless abandon, they didn’t do much harm to Ali’s troops. Shahban, In his Islamic History A.
They could deluge the Dar-ul-Islam with falsehood, and with the blood of the Muslims to realize their own wishes and ambitions. I uphold his decision, and declare that Ali is desposed as khalifa. You have seen what happened in the day which has passed.
A great battle was fought at Siffin, a village on the Euphrates. Muawiya was not the khalifa, nor had anyone proposed his name for khilafat. Yasiron the fourth day Muhammad b. Ali sent an emissary to dissuade them from committing crimes against innocent people but they killed him also. He was also the Caliph by a general election which he received from the overwhelming majority of the companions and the inhabitants of Medina Mecca Iraq Egypt Yemen and the rest of the Islamic provinces with the exception of the inhabitants of Syria who were ruled by Muawiya.
Ammar’s death was a terrible shock to Ali. Each wanted the capital of the newly established Islamic state to be in their area. If we fight tomorrow, it will be the annihilation of the Arabs and the loss of what is sacred.
He gave what was in his hand to bttle Imam. Victory eluded Ali’s grasp, and thenceforth he was to be on the defensive in a losing war against Muawiya. It became possible for the Imam to annihilate his opponents by their own weapons. Abi Sufyan to obey him. And so it was. The Imam found himself facing a coup by which his authority came to an end.
Soon he was going to enter Heaven where his friend and beloved, Muhammad, was awaiting him, ready to greet him, and to shake the dust of Siffin from his curly hair and radiant face just as many years earlier, he had shaken the dust of the Trench of Medina off his curly hair and radiant face. There were 90 engagements between them in which 25, Iraqis and 45, Syrians were killed.
On the first day of Safarthere was a violent war between the two armies. According to al-Minqariin that night, there was no sound heard except the sound of hitting the swords which was more terrifying in the hearts of men than the sound of thunder or horrifying fall of sifin.