Philippics, 1. Cicero translated by C. D. Yonge. «About This Work | Cic. Phil. 1 | Cic. Phil. 2 | About This Work». 1I. Before, O conscript fathers, I say those things. Cicero (Marcus Tullius, –43 BCE), Roman advocate, orator, politician, poet, and philosopher, about whom we know more than we do of any other Roman. Philippics: Marcus Tullius Cicero: Last months: of August, and his 14 Philippic orations (so called in imitation of Demosthenes’ speeches against Philip II of.

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It was, indeed, a great thing that we, differing as we did respecting the general interests of the republic, should continue in uninterrupted friendship. Why do not they who are in similar misfortune enjoy a similar degree of your mercy? But if, as has been said to me by some of his intimate friends, every speech which is at all contrary to his inclination is violently offensive to him, even if there be no insult in it whatever; then we will bear with the natural disposition of our friend.

Nor will I make any further reply to you about the verses.


He thought it impossible to prove to the satisfaction of those men who resembled himself, that he was an enemy to his country, if he was not also an enemy to me. For what did I determine, what did I contrive, what did I do, that was not determined, contrived, or done, by the counsel and authority and in accordance with the sentiments of this order?

Antonius was greatly enraged at the first speech, and summoned another meeting of the senate for the nineteenth day of the ciceor, giving Cicero especial notice to be present, and phklippics employed the interval in preparing an invective against Cicero, and a reply to the first Philippic.

You are not afraid of the courts of justice. But I rejoiced at it. One man alone was found to dare to do that which the audacity of every one else had shrunk from and shuddered at. On the first of June Antonius assembled the senate to deliberate on the affairs of the republic, and in the interval visited all parts of Italy.

Is there anything whatever that can be called so peculiarly the act of that man who, while clad in the robe of peace, was yet invested with both civil and military command in the republic, as a law of his? For I confess that you could have done it. We are convened in the senate.


It was approved of by Quintus Catulus, whose authority will always carry weight in this republic; it was approved of by the two Luculli, by Marcus Crassus, by Quintus Hortensius, by Caius Curio, by Caius Piso, by Marcus Glabrio, by Marcus Lepidus, by Lucius Volcatius, by Caius Figulus, by Decimus Silanus and Lucius Murena, who at that time were the consuls elect; the same consulship also which was approved of by those men of consular rank, was approved of by Marcus Cato; who escaped many evils by departing from this life, and especially the evil of seeing you consul.

But take notice of the arrogance and insolence of the fellow. Besides that, they sought to recover their household gods, the gods of their country, their altars, their hearths, the tutelar gods of their family; all of which you had seized upon.

When you behold those beaks of ships in the vestibule, and those warlike trophies, do you fancy that you are entering into a house which belongs to you?

You have said that Publius Clodius was slain by my contrivance. He restored many men who had fallen under misfortune.

By this time I envy your teacher, who for all that payment, which I shall mention presently, has taught you to know nothing. But while alive, I know this, for I always supported Deiotarus, who was at a distance, he never said that anything which we were asking for, for him, appeared just to him. Will you philppics understand that you cicerl to decide whether those men who performed that action are homicides or assertors of freedom?

But glory is praise for deeds which have been done, and the fame earned by great services to the republic; which is approved of by the testimony borne in its favour, not only by every virtuous man, but also by the multitude.

But in that complaint, mournful indeed and miserable, but still unavoidable for a man of that rank in which the senate and people of Rome have placed me, what did I say that was insulting?

When Marcus Junius Brutusone of the killers, lifted his bloodstained dagger after the assassination, he called out Cicero’s name, beseeching him to “restore the Republic! Even then you do not follow him. I suppose you were afraid that you would be able to refuse him nothing if he were restored to the full possession of his rights.


Although phllippics inquiry into the death of Publius Clodius was not instituted with any great wisdom.

Cicero, Philippics | Loeb Classical Library

pholippics Did he think that it was easiest to disparage me in the senate? Will you make pgilippics reply to these statements? Concealed, do I say? Nothing was done by the senate, but many and important measures were transacted by the agency of the people, though that people was both absent and disapproving. And yet, concerning those laws which were proposed, we have, at all events, the power of complaining; but concerning those which are actually passed we have not even had that privilege. But I have come to mention that occasion which must be allowed to precede those matters which I had begun to discuss.

Philippics 7-14

The object is, the inevitable consequence must be, that no one can ever be prosecuted under those laws. For what prosecutor will be found insane enough to be willing, after the defendant has been condemned, to expose himself to the fury of a hired mob?

No; and he never could have been. Then, at last, we did appear to have been really delivered by brave men, because, as they had willed it to be, peace was following liberty. Full search options are on the right side and top of the page.

After some time he at last went into Spain; but, as he says, he could not arrive there in safety. But I pass over those offences which have no peculiar connexion with the part you took in harassing the republic; I return to that in which you bore so principal a share,—that is, to the civil war; and it is mainly owing to you that that was originated, and brought to a head, and carried on.

It was you who let loose those attacks of abandoned men, slaves for the most part, which we repelled by violence and our own personal exertions; it was you who set them on to attack our houses. Do you think, O conscript fathers, that I would have voted for the resolution which you adopted against your own wills, of mingling funeral obsequies with supplications?

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