Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”. “By “augmenting human intellect” we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex. C. Engelbart, and William K. English, AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the Fall 2a In the Augmented Human Intellect (AHI) Research Center at Stanford. Final report of in-depth study conducted by Doug Engelbart into improving human intellect and human effectiveness, outlining a.
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If the tangle of thoughts represented by the draft became too complex, you would compile a reordered draft quickly. To give the reader an initial guman about what sort of thing this computer-aided working system might be, we include below a short description of a possible system of this sort. Furthermore, even quite different higher order processes may have in common relatively high-order sub-processes.
For our present purpose, it is irrelevant to worry over what the fundamental mental “things” being structured are, or what mechanisms are accomplishing the structuring or making use of what has been structured. That telephone call is a subprocess in the middle of the process of calling a committee meeting.
Remember me on this computer. As we are currently using it, the term includes the organization, study, modification, and execution of processes and process structures. Perhaps “purposeful” structuring or organization would serve us as well, but since we aren’t sure yet how the structuring concept must mature for our needs, we shall engepbart stick with the special modifier, “synergetic.
Before a research program can be designed to pursue such an approach intelligently, so that practical benefits might be derived within a reasonable time while also producing results of longrange significance, a conceptual framework must be searched out—a framework that provides orientation as to the important factors of the system, the relationships among these factors, the types infellect change among the system factors that offer likely improvements in performance, and the sort of research goals and methodology that seem promising.
The signals which this reading stylus sends through the flexible connecting wire to the writing machine are used to determine which characters are being sensed and thus to cause the automatic typing of a duplicate string of characters.
This provide a sort of perspective, sets what type of problems are Keywords involved and reveals where he had to develop this research. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. When it becomes evident that the elastic properties of available materials engelbsrt a great deal to do with the bow, he branches off on a side trail which takes him through textbooks on elasticity and tables of physical constants. The writing machine and its flexible copying capability would occupy you for a long time if you tried to exhaust the reverberating chain of associated possibilities for making useful innovations within your capability hierarchy.
For a sampling of research results, see their Mother of All Demos. In this particular case, no existing analytic theory is by itself adequate for the purpose of analyzing and evaluating over-all system performance; pursuit of an improved system thus demands the use of experimental methods.
Like we mentioned at the beginning, the main goal of the He thus set himself to the revolutionary task of developing computer-based technologies for manipulating information directly, and also to improve individual and group processes for knowledge-work.
There seems to be a sort of standard grouping of lower-order capabilities from which this is composed, and these exist in two classes—what we might call the executive class and what we might call the direct-contributive class.
Someone deeply committed with bad tools eengelbart often egnelbart more effective than someone uncommitted who has great tools. Engelbart focused primary on the relation human intellect. There are only a finite number of such basic human and artifact capabilities from which to draw.
What’s actually going on? In the model using a network of contractors, this type of procedure would entail a great deal of extra work within the superstructure—each contractor involved in the process would have the specifications upon which he bid continually changed, and would continually have to respond to the changes by restudying the situation, changing his plans, changing the specifications to his subcontractors, and changing his records.
With only non-symbolic concept manipulation, we could probably build primitive shelter, evolve strategies of war and enhelbart, play games, and make practical jokes. Each of these sub-processes represents a functional concept that must be a part of the system language if it is to be organized effectively entelbart the human’s way of doing things, and the symbolic portrayal of each concept must be such that the human can work with it and remember it.
I can leave notes with suggestions or questions for myself that will drop out at an appropriate later time.
For complex processes, the executive problem posed to the human of gaining the necessary comprehension and making a good plan may be tougher than the problem he faced in the role of direct-contributive worker. Augmenting man’s intellect, in the sense defined above, would warrant full pursuit by an enlightened society if there could be shown a intdllect approach and some plausible benefits.
However, for Engelbart this not means the between the individual and the world. Notes The following rough notes were made by participants in the discussion: He is best known for inventing the ‘mouse’ and other fucused his attention of the computer aided working intellech. The important thing to appreciate here is that a direct new innovation in one particular capability can have far-reaching effects throughout the rest of your capability hierarchy.
Yet, in the application of science to the needs and desires of man, it would seem to be a singularly unfortunate stage at which to terminate augmejting process, or to lose hope as to the outcome.
Intelligence amplification – Wikipedia
It pretty augmwnting represents aigmenting artifact component of our augmentation means, insofar as their actual physical construction is concerned. Often these different extracted items fit into different places in my structure, or become encased in special substructures as I modify or expand his concepts.
We observe that the shift over the last few centuries in matters that are of daily concern to the individual has necessarily been forced into the framework of the language existing at the time, with alterations generally limited to new uses for old words, or the coining of new words.
What happens, then, is that each individual develops a certain repertoire of process capabilities from which he selects and adapts those that auugmenting compose the processes that he executes. We don’t mean to imply by this that we renounce theories of mental processes.
Basic human cognitive powers, such as memory intelligence, or pattern perception can have such a compounded effect.