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The Soviet view was that, both internationally and within each country, post-war politics should continue within the framework of the all-embracing anti-fascist alliance Retrieved from ” https: The percentage of illiteracy in was about twice as great in Brazil as on the Asian island.
The Age hobsbaw Empire: It is a central thesis of Hobsbawm’s book that, from the start, State Socialism betrayed the socialist and internationalist vision it claimed to uphold. The great [Chinese] famine ofprobably the greatest famine of the twentieth century: Hobsbawm points out the abysmal record of recent attempts to predict the world’s future. The Bolsheviksdiscovering these sensitive documents in the Tsarist archives, had promptly published them for the world to read.
Il secolo breve 1914-1991
The historian cannot but note that the two attitudes are contradictory. Hobsbawm often uses statistics to paint a broad picture of a society at a particular time. Socialism, Hobsbawm argues, ultimately fell because, eventually, ” Hobsbawm goes on to write that “The cultural revolution of the latest twentieth century can thus best be understood as the triumph of the individual over erric, or rather, the breaking of the threads which in the past had woven human beings into social textures”  and evokes this as paralleling Margaret Thatcher ‘s claim that ‘There is no society, only individuals’.
On the other hand, he is no friend of the Maoist doctrine of perpetual revolution: In it, Hobsbawm comments on what he sees as the disastrous failures of state socialism uobsbawm, capitalismand nationalism ; he offers an equally skeptical take on the progress of the arts and changes in society in the latter half of the twentieth century.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Articles lacking reliable references from August All articles lacking reliable references. There is no doubt that Stalin meant all this seriously, and tried to prove it by dissolving the Comintern inand the Communist Party of the United States in However, he does use nobsbawm culture as a lens to view the changes in the late-twentieth-century social order:.
As for support for international revolution, “The communist revolutions actually made Yugoslavia, Albania, later China were made against Stalin’s advice.
At the natural growth rate of the preceding seven years, which was at least 20 per thousand per year, one would have expected the Chinese population in to have been millions. Views Read Edit View history. Please help improve it by replacing them with more appropriate citations to reliable, independent, third-party sources.
Hobsbawm also comments on popular culture, a subject he hobbsbawm left alone in other books.
Europe,The Age of Capital: In fact it was None of this throws Hobsbawm into the embrace of free-market capitalism: According to official Chinese statistics, the country’s population in was The only thing uncertain about them is where they will lead,”  and expressing the view that “If humanity is to have a recognizable future, it cannot be by prolonging the past or the present.
The Russian Revolution of was not the revolution of the most advanced capitalist societies predicted by Karl Marx. Hobsbawm has very mixed feelings about the end of the nineteenth-century imperial order, largely because he is no happier with the nation-states that replaced the empires.
This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subjectpotentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. Ultimately, in world terms, he sees capitalism being just as much of a failure as state socialism: As Hobsbawm puts it, “Capitalism had proved far easier to overthrow where it was weak or barely existed than in its heartlands. He finds damning statistics to back up his claim of the total failure of state socialism to promote the general welfare: In one of his few more concrete predictions, he writes that “Social distribution and not growth would dominate the politics of the new millennium.
With reference to the contemporary United States at the time of writing he points out, “In58 per cent of all black families in the United States were headed by a single woman and 70 per cent of all children were born to single mothers,”  and “In 15 per cent of what was proportionally the largest prison population in the world — prisoners perpopulation — were said to be mentally ill. Hobsbawm calls the period from the start of World War I to the fall of the so-called Soviet bloc ” the short twentieth century “, to follow on ” the long 19th century “, the period from the start of the French Revolution in to the start of World War I inwhich he covered in an earlier trilogy of histories The Age of Revolution: What made such deaths symbolic was that youth, which they represented, was impermanent by definition.
The Age of Extremes – Wikipedia
This was largely a reaction against the secret treaties arranged among the Allies during the war Hobsbam of the future himself, Hobsbawm largely confines himself to predicting continued turmoil: This page was last edited on 13 Augustat August Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Age of Extremes: Similarly, “Brazil, a monument to social neglect, hibsbawm a GNP per capita almost two-and-a-half as large as Sri Lanka inand over six times as large at the end of the 80s.
Denying fascism’s claim to philosophical respectability, Hobsbawm writes: In Sri Lanka, which had subsidized basic foodstuffs and given free education and health care until the later s, the average newborn could expect to live several years longer than the average Brazilian, and to die as an infant at about half the Brazilian rate inat a third of the Brazilian rate in A militant of the group involved in this mission eventually became prime minister of Israel: