Erythrina berteroana is a small deciduous tree, abundantly armed with stout spines, with a broad, spreading, thin crown; it usually grows up to 10 metres tall. Erythrina berteroana Urb. Fabaceae According to Krukoff () E. berteroana is by far the most common species in Central America. It is the. E. berteroana is a popular Central America tree often used in agroforestry systems as a living fence, shade tree and for fodder and forage.

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Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in eryhhrina summary table is based on all the information available. Plants and trees used to produce incense Palo jiote.

This same botanical name is provided by the Guatemalan botanist and erytrina Luis Villar. One quarter to one half of a seed may be chewed and swallowed to experience the sedative, aphrodisiac effects of the plant.

A tea prepared from the flowers is used in Guatemala to treat hormonal and menstrual imbalances in women, and to alleviate hemorrhages, dysentery, and anxiety.

Spices, condiments, food coloring Achiote, Bixa orellana Allspice, Pimenta dioica Auritum, hoja santa. It is called Palo de Pito in Spanish because you can make a kind of whistle from the leaves.


Erythrina berteroana – Useful Tropical Plants

Palo de pito Erythrina berteroana close seed pods. Erythrina species – pantropical multipurpose tree legumes. A new alkaloid, erythratine-N-oxide, has been isolated from this particular species Soto-Hernandez and Jackson, A single tree of E.

Distribution Top of page E.


International Legume Database and Information Service. Leaves and twigs are often used as fodder and forage for cattle, goats, and rabbits. The seeds and flowers of E. Physiology and Phenology E.

Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. Since ancient times, the beautiful bright red seeds of the E. Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page E.

Description Top of page E. It is tough to grow from seed, but easy to grow from cuttings of mature branches. Fruits vines or cacti Granadilla Pitaya.

Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 67 3: Its used as food by the howler monkeys, squirrels and other mammals and birds that feed on flowers and small fruits. Glossaries Mesoamerica, Central America. National list of invasive bertteroana potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba – Productivity of an Erythrina berteroana live fence in Turrialba, Costa Rica.


Flowers pinkish to red, appearing with the leaves, in erythriina racemes, Hilje L; Coto D, Park Street Press, The flowers or young leaves and shoots may be steeped in hot water to make a sedative tea for sleep induction. The likelihood of further introductions of E. Anthropologist Dennis Tedlock calls the tree Erythrina corallodenron.

The seeds are bright red. In Central America, E. Arboles de Costa Rica. Adapt[at]ion of some leguminous trees for agroforestry use in the north coast of Colombia. Effect of organic amendments on phosphorus erythdina and indicators of biological activity and bean yield in an Acrudoxic Melanudand.

The flowers are red and elongated likeness to a whistle. The branches may be crushed to produce a fish poison. Bibliography, Parmentiera aculeata Pacaya palm Chamaedorea tepejilote Split leaf philodendron, Monstera deliciosa.

Calyx green, tubular; corolla 5-petalled, 7. Advances in agroforestry research.

Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies.

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