Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.
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It is the responsibility of the family to develop a strong sense of conscience and superego in the child. According to Sullivan, the experiences of the early adolescent are extremely important for dnemlegi personality development. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics. At this point, one must look at the data revealed by the personality psioanaliz with respect to possibility of change.
Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz
Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence dnemlrei. Altogether, there are risks and opportunities in the later ages for radical changes of personality.
According to Horney, the childhood experiences, as well as the cultural effects, are of paramount importance in personality development. Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian pssikanaliz by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis.
However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage.
ERKEN ÇOCUKLUK DÖNEMİ DİNİ GELİŞİM TEORİLERİ BAĞLAMINDA DİN EĞİTİMİ
While the concept of consistency helps us better understand the nature of personality, it faces us to another question on the other hand: The main emphasis of Horney is the cultural and social effects neglected by Freud. Personality, Psychoanalysis, religious education, development, change.
As a matter of psikajaliz, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix dnemperi past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence. Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development. This made ffeud possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure.
The primary school years are a prime opportunity to fix certain mistakes in the family environment. According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control id which operates on the pleasure principle. However, Adler also emphasizes the effects of parents which were not dwelled upon enough by Freud.
KİŞİLİK GELŞİMİ by Engin Gökbudak on Prezi
Erikson states that personality development does not end with adolescent but continues throughout the whole life. Education, which may be defined as the effort to shape man in line with a certain model, has to apply to the science of psychology to learn about the development and change dnemlerl of man. The early years of childhood are of paramount importance for personality development.
Psikanaliiz second aspect emphasized in the definitions of personality the concept of consistency. As a matter of fact such theories focusing on a different aspect of personality endeavor to provide the most reliable and coherent information to the science world on the basis of the observation and accumulation of dnemmleri years.
When we look at from the perspective of religious education, the most important concept of topographical model is unconscious. There cannot be a significant development or change in personality after this period.
Because mistakes made earlier can be corrected during preadolescence, but errors made during preadolescence are nearly impossible to overcome in later life. The issue of understanding man, which was a mental and philosophical effort in the beginning, has become the only subject of the science of psychology for more freyd a century. This item is protected by original copyright View License. Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Show full item record.
One must pay attention to the sensitivity of adolescent era during which the sense of identity develops and the middle age stage when man seeks the sense of integrity.
However, one may tell that the two most emphasized characteristics of such definitions are its uniqueness and consistency. Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Social and cultural environment, especially the family, plays a big role in a healthy and correct development of personality. Erikson examines the stages of personality development in eight stages, which was previously studied in seven stages at most.
Another difference between Freud and Adler is that Adler does not handle the personality development in certain periods. The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness. These are topographical model and structural model.
However, the data revealed by the personality theories with the respect to man must be reviewed carefully. Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as vnemleri of Freud. In the structural model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development.
Although there has not been any significant study on this issue yet, the positive and negative impacts of the gelii, in religious education should not be ignored.
We see that Erikson carried the views on personality development to a step forward. According to Jung, the vreud threshold at the ages of shapes the whole personality. As a result, psychoanalytical theory provides non-negligible and important data on the development and change of personality to those teaching religion or those who assume responsibility of educating a child. When we speak of psychoanalysis, we mention Freud in the first place.