16 set. Com base nas obras A teoria da democracia revisitada – o debate contemporâneo (Giovanni Sartori), Poliarquia: Participação e Oposição. A Teoria da Democracia Revisitada – Giovani Sartori. 5 likes. Book. From a contemporary point of view, within political science, reference may be made to the work of Giovanni Sartori, A Teoria da Democracia Revisitada, trans.

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New Haven, Yale University Press. Dados43 3: In the first, we shall compare the contexts dfmocracia which the proposals for reform were presented and discussed, with the aim of highlighting the factors responsible for the noticeable difference observed in the two processes of reform.

The case of PT allows us to further discuss the distinction between cohesion and discipline as proposed by Tsebelis Rules for the use of petitions for separate voting DVS.

This “clearing” benefited the PT-led government, which could concentrate its efforts in two issues: Data presented by the authors show a pronounced dominance of opinions favorable to market-friendly reforms, sartiri were at the time vehemently fought by the PT.

Data presented revisitadq Figueiredo and Limongi These changes revisirada to the concentration of agenda powers in the hands of party leaders and the president, restricting significantly the discretion of other actors. It may be supposed that any alignment of PFL with the PT-led government would damage much more its image than the movement towards more substantive policy positions. Social security reform; Executive [Legislative relationship]; government [opposition].

Based on attitudinal data from deputies, Carvalho strives to show that both the partisan and distributive approaches should be employed to understand deputies’ behavior in Congress. The most important vote took place on November 26 and resulted in the passage of the reform’s basic text.

One should also acknowledge that, in contrast democarcia the PT, the PSDB had had in the social security reform one of the cornerstones of its ideology.


His parliamentary base of support only matches Cardoso’s base of support once PP votes are considered, but this party was not formally incorporated within the coalition and, as we will shortly see, displayed a highly undisciplined behavior. Oddly enough, the PDT became disciplined only when voting the DVS 7, on which occasion its leadership recommended voting against the administration.

Rio de Janeiro, Dadosvol. Driven by electors’ concerns over their behavior, congresspersons’ calculations may reinforce the perception that the costs of indiscipline are lower than vertical accountability costs, since roll-calls permit voters to blame individual legislators for the approval of “politically unfeasible proposals”.

On the other hand, defections in the governing coalition were also large: Such situations are liable to generate a high degree of uncertainty among actors, either because people do not trust promises from the executive or due to a belief that saryori administration itself does not control several factors that, once at play, may eliminate the promised benefits. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.

Social security reform in two stages

Therefore the formation of a majority coalition occurs in two stages: Of the parties that made up the governing coalition, the PDT sided against the executive in the deliberation about the DVS 7 and in the second round. One of them was passed by votes against 3, with 19 abstentions.

Nova York, Penguin Putnam. Obviously, this alteration, the only with an institutional character between the two periods here analyzed, restricted significantly the procedural firepower of democraxia opposition and proved beneficial later on to Lula.

O que foi escrito sobre democracia

Then what is the key variable to specify the weightiest side of the Brazilian decision-making process? Theory and evidence from the Brazilian case”.

Conjoined, these features form a landscape in which the president has enough resources to determine the agenda and the pace of proceedings within Congress, while leaders can get their caucuses to behave in a cooperative and disciplined heoria, a fact that would minimize, if not nullify, the veto power of the legislative over executive’s actions.


Journal of Theoretical Politics12 1: In settings thus built party discipline is harder to come by.

Tellingly, all PFL senators from states ruled by the party voted against their leader. American Political Science Reviewdemocdacia 3: The rise to power and the ensuing adoption of a reformist agenda caused a shock in the party’s cohesion, forcing it to resort to the available disciplinary tools.

American Journal of Political Science43 4: Using the Rice index we obtained 54,2. O Caso do Brasil.

A Teoria Da Democracia Revisitada – Giovanni Sartori – Google Books

The migratory flux towards pro-administration parties continued unabated inwhen 52 ssartori were co-opted, especially by PTB and PL, against five that “deserted”. Moreover, President Lula’s coalition showed greater heterogeneity than the coalition organized by Cardoso, including politicians from across the entire political spectrum.

The Journal of Politics67 1: The Journal of Politics64 2: On the one hand, the above-mentioned change in the rules regarding DVS, which significantly reduced opposition’s latitude.

Z, this situation is entirely inverted in the case of DVS. Our first point is based on a key assertion by Arnold which states that proposals of public policies that impose concentrated costs and yield diffuse benefits and, additionally, are submitted to a decision-making process where representatives are obliged to assume publicly their positions, may be characterized as “politically unfeasible”.

Furthermore, the administration paid most of their attention to the passage of the reelection proposal in the first semester of

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