Focusing the View Camera: A Scientific Way to Focus the View Camera and Estimate Depth of Field. by Harold M. Merklinger. Merklinger’s method is less widely used, but is much easier to apply in the field. . Harold Merklinger describes his method for optimizing depth of field here. Harold Merklinger on Depth of Field. If you arrived at this page by a direct link, it will be helpful for background information if you read my article, More on Depth.

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You can see this guy in the photograph that I took in the light of my flash unit Fig. The problem is that Scheimpflug’s first Principle is just a constraint. The graph in Fig. With the help of a non-linear transformation, the object field, where fuzziness varies linearly, can be recalculated into the image field model, where fuzziness is described by non-linear functions.

Kevin Boone’s Web site

I aborted a print job shortly after it started. For a diagram of the Scheimpflug Principle, select this link 4. The easiest way to demonstrate circles of confusion is to take several photographs on a street of a night town Fig.

The largest depth of field can be obtained if we focus the lens at the hyperfocal distance. This distance was fixed during the experiments. If merkliger object is one-quarter of the way from the point of exact focus to the camera lens, it will have to be one-quarter as big as our lens to be resolved.

There are similar expressions for working out the nearest and furthest points of focus, but I’m not going to give them, as they are well-known — just do a Web search for ‘depth of field formulae. So far as this article is concerned, his haeold for dealing with scenes that extend to infinity or, at least, for miles can be expressed very simply: Especially for close-up photography, corrections are needed.


Technical Books on Photography by Harold M. Merklinger

These three planes are the film plane, the subject plane and merjlinger plane. Recently, October 5I encountered a very similar phenomenon while printing with an ink jet printer.

This article was written to deflate two mistakes that are quite common nowadays: Merklinger of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

The degree of enlargement is the same for all fragments Fig. Note this email gets spammed a lot so if you want to get your message through please prefix “Holding Tank” in the title. Before discussing the results of the experiments, let us recall what the two theories predict for our conditions. As this was a test print anyway, and the top of the print contained nothing but blue sky, I re-submitted the same sheet of paper for the next print of the same image. What can we expect of photography in the future?

The stool in Fig.

For more explanation of depth of field as applied to the photograph of Lisa, try this link. Applying this theory the way virtually all photography books suggest, Harold found he often obtained substandard images.

When producing the photos shown in Fig. In the object field, the zone of acceptable resolution is absolutely symmetrical. Recently off the press is the page reproduction of Zeiss-Ikon’s Main Catalog covering all the models of cameras and accessories available in that year.

According to Merklinger, the bigger the diameter of the cone at a certain distance, the fewer details can be resolved. The focus is set to the hyperfocal distance.

Main page List of articles. Not quite sure what the system requirements are, but I believe it requires the Adobe Flash Player 9 plug-in. However, it is a very special and limited method. This site – somewhat neglected as it is – has now been on the Internet for 15 years!


All in all this method seems to be well worth using except where the main subject of interest is in the foreground and the background has little very fine detail to retain.

The Photography Links page was revised – removing many non-functional links – on 15 December Merklinger’s method for scenes with distant objects.

The standard camera can focus precisely only at one subject distance, but if we accept the usual standard of acceptable sharpness, the lens is deemed to focus adequately well over a range of subject distances.

The lens plane is a flat surface drawn through the hafold of the lens and remaining perpendicular to the lens axis a line straight through the lens. However, in practice this asymmetrical structure may not be easy to detect. If we start with a lens with a relatively short focal length, our parameters will be beyond the limits of the green zone Fig.

Without enlargement, it can be clearly seen that circles of confusion do not increase for the distant sources of light. Any special cases, like micro-photography, for example, are not analyzed here. Essentially, considering the traditional landscape situation, Merklinger notes that distant objects, being at smaller magnification than close objects, contain more detail and thus need more resolution. I put this tiny formula here just for your reference.

Then the parameters will be within the green zone, and Merklihger will stop reacting to changes in focal length.

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