Alternative Titles: “Kokin wakashū”, “Kokin-shū”. Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Kokinshū, (Japanese: “Collection from Ancient and Modern. Kokin Wakashu is an anthology of 1, Japanese poems (in the most widely circulated editions) compiled and edited early in the 10th century. The Kokin wakashu of is the first imperially commissioned anthology of waka , Japanese court poetry, compiled by chief editor Ki no Tsurayuki and other.
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Differences among the earliest of these are not entirely negligible, but readers interested in Kokinshu as it was known to almost everyone who read or cited it after its recanonization koin the late 12th century can be advised to begin with waakashu of the 18 or so versions believed to have been transcribed and edited by Fujiwara Teika from untilfour years before his death.
A new development, however, is that all the poems in a particular book are on a set poetic topic, as follows: Charles Dickens, English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian era.
Instead, however, thanks to the care with which it is arranged, Kokinshu is an eminently readable anthology, a fact which has perhaps contributed as much to its endurance as the excellence of its finest poems. It was the first serious work of poetic criticism on the waka style, and is regarded as the predecessor of later wakshu works.
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Keene, Donald . Spring 1 KKS I: The elaborate linking format developed by the editors was also picked up and carried forward with the development of the renga or “linked verse” form, in which poets wrote a series of verses together in turns by continuing the image of the previous verse and introducing something new for the next poet to work with.
Princeton University Koin, ; and Kokin Wakashu: Well over half of the poems are attributed to nearly known or named poets, mostly of the late 9th century.
A History of Japanese Literature, Vol. Although this was a purely quantitative distinction in principle, it reflects a tendency increasingly evident from the late 12th century to place a strong syntactic break after the third measure, and less often after the first, resulting in what is called a ” rhythm” shichigochoas opposed to the alternative, a ” rhythm” in which breaks occur after a 7 syllable measure.
UVa Library Etext Center: Japanese Text Initiative
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The specific text on which the Japanese Text Initiative e-text is based is one of only two Teika holograph manuscripts known to be extant and the only one available for scholarly use in the form of facsimile editions. Autumn 2 KKS V: Prosodically, the waka is defined quantitatively there being no basis for identification of “feet,” no strict distinction between accented and unaccented syllables in Japanese prosodics as consisting of 31 syllables grouped according to a pattern of 5 ku or measures of, respectively, 5, 7, 5, 7, and 7 syllables, each of which was also required to be grammatically independent in the sense that phrasal breaks in syntax regularly coincide with the divisions between successive measures.
If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Stanford University Press, Japanese Literature from Earliest Times to the Late Sixteenth Centurycalled it “one of the earliest and best-known documents of Japanese poetic criticism”.
New Collection of Ancient and Modern Poems (Shin kokin wakashū 新古今和歌集), Emperor Gokogon | Mia
The title, conventionally abridged in Japanese to Kokinshumay be translated “Collection of Old and New Japanese Poems” or, perhaps more precisely, ” One jokin of the editors’ concern with arranging the poems into larger esthetically tangible patterns was that they omitted a number of the finest poems at their disposal most of which were eventually seized upon by later anthologists and included many which have never since been estimated very highly.
The kana preface was written between the second month of Engi 6 and the first month of the following year. This anthology contains 1, poems divided into 20 books arranged by topics, including 6 books of seasonal poems, 5 books of….
This kind of detailed manipulation resulted in an anthology that did not necessarily contain all of the best works of the day.
One of the qualities of Kokinshu which helped to define its authority as the paradigm against which subsequent imperial anthologies there were 20 of these were measured and on which they were modelled, and which may account for the number of years apparently expended on compilation of the anthology, is the manifest care devoted by its editors to the structural arrangement of individual poems in sequences within each book, most conspicuously in those of seasonal and travel poems.
This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat It is the oldest manuscript to contain both the Chinese and Japanese prefaces.
It was the first major literary work written in the kana writing system. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat Thank you for your feedback. The format for the poetry was the…. The opening lines of kana preface have been regarded as the archetypal work of Japanese classical prose. Japanese literature, the body of written works produced by Japanese authors in Japanese or, in its earliest beginnings, at a time when Japan had no written language, in the Chinese classical language.
The immense prestige of Kokinshu as the unrivalled canon of classical waka throughout most of the tradition, especially after its recanonization in the late 12th century, assured that the limits on the range of acceptable tonal in an esthetic sense variations on a given poetic motif, even more so than the rules of decorum governing choices of diction and topics per sewere assumed to have been fixed by the precedents of this anthology.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Retrieved from ” https: It was the most influential realization of the ideas of poetry at the time, dictating the form and format of Japanese poetry until the late nineteenth century; it was the first anthology to divide itself into seasonal and love poems.
The early textual history of Kokinshu is obscure and complicated by a number of variant texts which apparently reflect different stages of the editorial process. It is also known in English as the Japanese prefacedistinguishing it from Ki no Yoshimochi ‘s Chinese preface mana-jo.